Monday, May 21, 2012



water is important for all socio-economic development and also in the maintenance of healthy ecosystems. An increase in population calls for the improvement of all allocations of groundwater and surface water for agricultural purpose,domestical purposes and for industrial sectors, results to much pressure on the environment which may lead to conflicts among users

The scarcity of water can be defined as the impact of water consumers on the supply of water to an extent the demand of water can't be satisfied as a cause of an increase in population.Water scarcity is all about cultural and ethnical issues which warrants consideration.

Causes of Water Scarcity

Water s carcity can be caused by various factors.
-It can occur in the Arid and Semi-Arid regions as a result of droughts
-It is also caused by wide climate variability and
-A growth in population.
-Water conflicts can arise in the stress of water in areas among local communities as a result of lack of adequate legal instruments.

  Bad Effects of Water Scarcity

Water scarcity can affect us in different ways:
1.Poverty and hunger.
2.Increase in mortality.
3.Presence of diseases like;Malaria, cholera,fever, etc.
4.It decreases the maintenance of agriculture(crops and animals).
5.Reduction in domestical and industrial activities.

                              Resources of Water


Rainwater is the primary source of water in agricultural purposes.It is an essential element in the functioning of natural ecosystems.

2.Rivers,Wetland,Forests,and Soils:

These factors can prevent and protect the scarcity of water,increasing the availability of water of good quality.These factors bring about a development in the supply of water,for the purpose of sustaining the users to the greatest satisfaction.


Solutions Required in some Local Regional Areas 


-Creating different methods of water preservation in the river basin,ground water, and watershed management.

-Improvement in the efficiency of water uses and the reduction of water loss and increase in the recyculation of water for the purpose of maintaining consumers' satisfaction.

-Programmes for Handling the effects of extreme water.

-Diffusion of technologies and capacity building for non-conventional water resources and conserving technologies to develop countries      and regions experiencing water scarcity.  

1.How many are competing for the interest of water balance?
2.On what critical issues are decisions to be made in favor of certain developments at the expense of others?
3.What are the concepts and conditions for improving water productivity in different sectors?
4.Which tools should be required to improve the efficiency of water,equitable development and allocation of water?
5.How can the best method  be used in the availability of water?
6.Which measures should be practiced in the correction of water resources and in increasment of water supply.
7.Which legal and instructional measures are the most appropriate for ensuring adequate coordination?
8.what kind of information is required and how wide is it's public ownership of water,related problems to be ensured?
9.How can these waters be preserved?
10.How can the reduction of water scarcity be done?



children hurking sachet waters as a result of water scarcity in Some African countries.

Abeokuta — SELLERS of sachet water in Abeokuta are recording a boom due to the scarcity of water in the Ogun capital.
Investigation conducted was revealed that most residents had resorted to the use of sachet water to cook, bath and perform other domestic chores.
The situation increased the demand for sachet water and consequently the price.
Some residents, who spoke attributed the development to the inability of staff of Ogun Water Board to function, due to the strike declared by the organised labour.

Nigeria, the world's eighth most populous country, has begun grappling with issues of water scarcity across a number of its states - forcing infrastructure and long-term sustainability questions.